Daily moisturising is vital for healthy skin. The skin on your face is very sensitive to environmental changes and also sheds cells more rapidly than other parts of the body and therefore need moisture to repair itself, which allows for younger skin cells to rise to the surface. Also, the massaging affect that is used when applying a moisturiser helps stimulate blood circulation and new cell generation.

It is important to include moisturisers in your daily skincare regime as they also

· restore the skin’s own barrier function

· provide a protective film against the elements

· increase the water content of the epidermis

leading to improved skin texture and appearance in the short term, and more youthful-looking skin in the long term.

Moisturisers come in a variety of forms, like

· mists

· serums

· gels

· oils

· balms

· butters

· lotions

· creams

Because there is such a wide variety of moisturising products on the market, it can be quite overwhelming to choose the right one for yourself or understand the specific function of each and how they should be used/combined to create the best daily skincare routine.

Therefore, knowing the ingredients of your moisturising products and understanding their functions can make it a lot easier to make the right choice.

Moisturising formulas usually include one or multiple of the following types of ingredients: emollients, humectants, and occlusives. These often work together to maintain proper moisture levels in the skin.

EMOLLIENTS (Moisturising)

consist mainly of lipids and oils. They soften, soothe, and nourish the skin to improve its texture, appearance, and barrier function.

A few different examples of common emollients are :

  • Plant Oils and Nut Butters e.g. Avocado Oil, Shea Butter etc.

  • Fatty Alcohols e.g., cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol

  • Esters

Emollients are most effective when used together with humectants, and in certain cases occlusives too. This is why we recommend applying oil-based products on damp skin after a shower or after using a mist containing humectants as a first layer.

HUMECTANTS (Hydrating)

are hygroscopic compounds that attract water from their surroundings. Which means, when applied to the skin, they can draw water from the dermis (the deeper second layer of skin) into the epidermis (the upper visible layer). Humectants give the skin a plumper look, improving the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

Some common humectants are:

  • Glycerine

  • Hydrolysed Proteins

  • Aloe Vera

  • Hyaluronic acid

  • Alpha hydroxy acids, e.g., lactic acid, glycolic acid

  • Propylene glycol and butylene glycol

  • Urea

Since humectants pull moisture up from deeper layers of the skin and onto the surface, where it can more easily escape into the air, they can actually contribute to greater trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL). This is especially the case in dry conditions. For this reason, humectants are best when combined with occlusives, the third category of moisturising ingredients.

OCCLUSIVES (Protecting)

increase the moisture levels in the skin by creating a thin protective/occlusive layer on the surface of the skin that prevents moisture from escaping from the tissue, whilst still allowing the skin to breathe naturally. Since this layer prevents trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL), occlusives help to keep the skin supple, soft and moisturised.

Some common examples of occlusives are:

  • Vegetable waxes, eg., candelilla and carnauba

  • Wax esters, e.g., beeswax and lanolin

  • Squalane

  • Jojoba Oil (a Liquid Wax)

The best moisturisers or moisturising routines combine all three of these ingredient types to provide comprehensive protection against skin dehydration:

  • Mists, serums, and gels are generally water-based formulas, which may contain some high-quality humectants in the ingredients.

  • Oils, butters, and balms are great as emollient products, and they can have some occlusive benefits as well, especially balms which often contain waxes for hardening.

  • Lotions and creams combine both oil and water, with the potential to offer humectant, emollient, and occlusive ingredients all in one product. However they often contain more synthetic or processed ingredients, since they require emulsifiers and preservatives. Creams are heavier than lotions and tend to be more occlusive.

At NATURE BATHING, we use a variety of these beneficial ingredients along with high-performance actives in our Facial Mists/Toners, Face Serums, Oils, Butters, Lotions and Creams. Check out our collection @

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